Name in Original Language
Area Where Played
There is no register of the history of jãmparti, when it began or who start it. For being a traditional modality this practice and the history involved is past orally. This modality is practiced by the indigenous for a long time even before the contact with non-indigenous.
The Gavião, indigenous group from Pará in Brazil, have a tradition of log race since long before contact. The log race called in their own language as Jãmparti, is practice by woman and men from the community but each group has your own log (they change in size, weight and the tree that is made of). The community is divided by clan, and these clans also represent the groups that exist in the race. The group normally does this race to celebrate or mark anything that they consider important as birthdays, ceremonys, harvest or honor someone who is dead. For the indigenous this is not consider a competitive activity, but actually a game that has the objective of united the groups’ involved.
When the community decided that is going to have the Jãmparti, the men responsible for the tree trunks need to wake up early in the morning, before the sun raise, go to the woods and sing signalizing that the race is going to happen. After that this group will cut the trees and do the trunks with specifics size and weight, for the race of the men and the woman, than they return to the community also singing calling everybody to participate.
The village is divided in tree clans, the fish, the otter and the manta ray, each clan represents a group that will run. They can also divided the community in two, but changing the groups in arara and hawk. There is no limit in how many people can participate, the important is not letting the trunk fall. The trunks can be made of Sumauma, Babaçu and Buriti tree and can weigh between 60kg to 80kg for the woman and 90kg to 120kg for the man.
Despite being a race, they do not do it with the competitive intent. For them this is a way to celebrate the union of the community and also so celebrate the reason that the race is happening, they don’t consider Jãmparti as a competition but as a game.